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发财树原名瓜栗,是植物租赁过程中的木棉科小乔木

发表时间: 2020-03-10 11:02:44

浏览: 208

发财树原名瓜栗,是植物租赁过程中的木棉科小乔木,高4-5米,树冠较松散,幼枝栗褐色,无毛。小叶具短柄或近无柄。花单生枝顶叶腋;花梗粗壮,被黄色星状茸毛,脱落

发财树原名瓜栗,是植物租赁过程中的木棉科小乔木,高4-5米,树冠较松散,幼枝栗褐色,无毛。小叶具短柄或近无柄。花单生枝顶叶腋;花梗粗壮,被黄色星状茸毛,脱落;萼杯状,近革质;花瓣淡黄绿色,狭披针形至线形,上半部反卷;雄蕊管较短,花丝连雄蕊管长13-15厘米,下部黄色,向上变红色,花药狭线形,弧曲;花柱长于雄蕊,深红色。蒴果近梨形,果皮厚,木质,几黄褐色,外面无毛,内面密被长绵毛,开裂,每室种子多数。种子大,不规则的梯状楔形,表皮暗褐色,有白色螺纹,内含多胚。花期5-11月,果先后成熟,种子落地后自然萌发。

亚洲国产亚洲综合区YUANCHANZHONGMEIMOXIGEZHIGESIDALIJIA。ZHONGGUOYUNNANXISHUANGBANNAZAIPEI。GUOPIWEISHUSHIKESHI,ZHONGZIKECHAOSHI

形态特征

亚洲国产亚洲综合区XIAOYE5-11,JUDUANBINGHUOJINWUBING,ZHANGYUANXINGZHIDAOLUANZHUANGZHANGYUANXING,JIANJIAN,JIBUXIEXING,QUANYUAN,SHANGMIANWUMAO,BEIMIANJIYEBINGBEIXIUSEXINGZHUANGRONGMAO;ZHONGYANGXIAOYEZHANG13-24LIMI,KUAN4.5-8LIMI,WAICEXIAOYEJIANXIAO;ZHONGLEIBIAOMIANPINGTAN,BEIMIANQIANGLIELONGQI,CEMAI16-20DUI,JIPINGSHEN,ZHIBIANYUANFUJINLIANJIEWEIYIQUANBOZHUANGJIHEMAI,QIJIANWANGMAIXIMI,JUNYUBEIMIANLONGQI;YEBINGZHANG11-15LIMI。

HUADANSHENGZHIDINGYEYE;HUAGENGCUZHUANG,ZHANG2LIMI,BEIHUANGSEXINGZHUANGRONGMAO,TUOLUO;EBEIZHUANG,JINGEZHI,GAO1.5LIMI,ZHIJING1.3LIMI,SHUBEIXINGZHUANGROUMAO,NEIMIANWUMAO,JIEPINGHUOJU3-6MEIBUMINGXIANDEQIANCHI,SUCUN,JIBUYOU2-3MEIYUANXINGXIANTI;HUABANDANHUANGLVSE,XIAPIZHENXINGZHIXIANXING,ZHANGDA15LIMI,SHANGBANBUFANJUAN;XIONGRUIGUANJIAODUAN,FENLIEWEIDUOSHUXIONGRUISHU,MEISHUZAIFENLIEWEI7-10MEIXIZHANGDEHUASI,HUASILIANXIONGRUIGUANZHANG13-15LIMI,XIABUHUANGSE,XIANGSHANGBIANHONGSE,HUAYAOXIAXIANXING,HUQU,ZHANG2-3HAOMI,HENGSHENG;HUAZHUZHANGYUXIONGRUI,SHENHONGSE,ZHUTOUXIAO,5QIANLIE。

亚洲国产亚洲综合区SHUOGUOJINLIXING,ZHANG9-10LIMI,ZHIJING4-6LIMI,GUOPIHOU,MUZHI,JIHUANGHESE,WAIMIANWUMAO,NEIMIANMIBEIZHANGMIANMAO,KAILIE,MEISHIZHONGZIDUOSHU。ZHONGZIDA,BUGUIZEDETIZHUANGXIEXING,ZHANG2-2.5LIMI,KUAN1-1.5LIMI, [1] 

分布范围

亚洲国产亚洲综合区ZHONGGUOYUNNANXISHUANGBANNAZAIPEI,SHENGZHANGZHENGCHANG。YUANCHANZHONGMEIMOXIGEZHIGESIDALIJIA。 [1] 

生长环境

亚洲国产亚洲综合区XIGAOWENGAOSHIQIHOU,NAIHANLICHA,YOUMIAOJISHUANGDONG,CHENGNIANSHUKENAIQINGSHUANGJIZHANGQI5-6℃DIWEN,ZHONGGUOHUANANDIQUKELUDIYUEDONG,YIBEIDIQUDONGJIXUYIRUWENSHINEIFANGHAN,XIFEIWOSHUSONG、TOUQIBAOSHUIDESHARANGTU,XISUANXINGTU,JIJIANXINGTUHUOZHANZHONGTURANG,JIAONAISHUISHI,YESHAONAIHAN。 

繁殖方式

FACAISHUFANZHIKEYONGBOZHONGHUOQIANCHAFA,ZHONGZICAISHOUHOUYAOLIJIBOXIA,QIANCHAKEYU

 5-6YUEQUMENGMENGZHIZUOCHASUI。ZHUYAOCAIYONGDESHIQIANCHAFA,QIANCHAKEYU5-6YUEQUMENGMENGZHIZUOCHASUI;QIANRUSHAHUOJUNSHIZHONG,ZHUYIZHEYIN,BAOSHI,YUEYIGEYUEJIKESHENGGEN。CHUNJIYEKELIYONGZHIZHUJIEDINGSHIJIANXIAZHITIAO,QIANCHAZAISHASHIHUOCUSHAZHONG,BAOCHIYIDINGSHIDU,YUE30TIANZUOYOUKESHENGGEN,DANQIANCHAJIBUNANYIXINGCHENGPENGDAGENJING,GUANSHANGJIAZHIBURUBOZHONGMIAOGAO。 [3] 

CHATIAOCAIJIXUANZESHENGZHANGJIANZHUANG、WUBINGCHONGHAI、XINGZHUANGYOULIANGDEDANGNIANSHENGBANMUZHIHUAZHITIAO,ZAIYINTIANHUOWUFENGDEZAOCHENJIANQU,JIANLIUZHANGDUWEI6ZHI7LIMI,XIAQIEKOUWEIMATIXING,WEIYUYEHUOYEYAXIA,QIEKOUYAOGUANGHUA,LIYUXINGCHENGYUHEZUZHI。YIBANMEIGECHATIAODAI2GEZHANGYE。ZHUYIBUYAOSHANGJIYEPIAN,YILIGUANGHEZUOYONG。

亚洲国产亚洲综合区SHISHIQIANCHAYU6YUEXIAXUNZHI8YUESHANGXUNJINXINGCHA,YINGZAIZAOWANSUIJIANSUICHA。QIANCHAQIAN,JIANGCHATIAODEERFENZHIYIFANGYU25PPMDE(1)HAOABTSHENGGENYEZHONGJINPAO20ZHI24XIAOSHI,QUCHUHOUYONGQINGSHUICHONGXIGANJING。YONGXIAOMUGUNZAIQIMIANSHANGDAKONG,RANHOUSHUNKONGCHARU,ZAIFENGKONGYASHI。CHATIAOJIAODUANSHIKEZHICHA,CHATIAOJIAOZHANGSHIKEXIECHA,QIANCHASHENDUYIBUWAIDAOWEIZHUN,YIBAN3ZHI5LIMI。CHAHOUJISHIJIAOTOUSHUI,DUIBUZHENGDECHATIAOFUZHENG,YONGSULIAOBUGAIHAO,SIZHOUYONGTUYASHI。 [3] 

植物租赁栽培技术

ZHENGDIZAIZHI,MIAOCHUANGZHENGLIXUANZETUZHISHENHOU、FEIWO、BEIFENGXIANGYANG、PAIGUANLIANGHAODESHAZHIRANGTUDIKUAIZUOWEIPUDI,

ZUOCHENGKUAN1MIDEQIMIAN,ZHANGDU10MI,YINANBEIZOUXIANGWEIYI,DUIQIMIANJINXINGSHENFAN,CHUQUBIAOTU,ZASHI,XIACENGPUYICENG3LIMIHOUDESHILI,SHANGPU10ZHI15LIMIHOUDEXINXIANHESHAYULUZHAAN2:1HUNHEDEJIZHISHATU,SHIDUYISHOUWOCHENGTUAN,SONGSHOUJISANWEIYI。YONG40%DEFUERMALIN400BEIYEPENSACHUANGMIAN,LINTOUSHENDUWEI3ZHI5LIMI,YONGSULIAOBOMOFUGAI3TIAN,JINXINGTURANGXIAODU,XIAOMIETURANGZHONGDEBINGCHONG。 [3] 

光照

FACAISHUZHUYAOKAOLVSEDEGUANGGANJINXINGGUANGHEZUOYONG,ZHANGYAQIANYIBANYAOQIUJIAOQIANGDEGUANGZHAO,GUDONG、CHUNLIANGJIYANGHUBANCHENGPINFACAISHUYIBANBUZHEYIN。XIA、QIULIANGJIYOUYUYANGGUANGQIANGLIE,BUZHEYINRONGYIZAOCHENGDAPENGNEIDEWENDUGUOGAOHEGUANGGANXIANGYANGDEYIMIANJUBUSHISHUIERSIBIAN,GUYIBANYONG1CENG50%ZHEYINWANG。FACAISHUSHUYUZHONGRIZHAOZHIWU,ZHANGYAHOUYIBANYI75%ZHEYINWEIYI。DONGTIANBUZHEYIN,CHUNQIULIANGJIYONG1CENG50%ZHEYINWANG。 [3] 

温湿度

FACAISHUXIGAOWENZHONGSHIHUANJING,DI1CIJIAOSHUIHOUYINGJIANGDAPENGBOMOQUANBUFENGBI,YIZENGJIASHIDU,TIGAOWENDU。ZHANGYAQIAN,WENDUYINGBAOCHIZAI25-38℃ZUOYOU,SHIDUWEI 50%-75%ZUOYOUWEIYI,BINGQIEMEITIANSHIDANGTONGFENGHUANQI。LIERIXIATIANHEGANZAODEQIUTIAN,ZHONGWUYINGJINGCHANGJIDIMIANPENSASHUI,YIZENGSHIJIANGWEN,JINLIANGKONGZHIQIWEN、SHIDU。

亚洲国产亚洲综合区TIAOJIANYUNXUZEANZHUANGPENGUAN,MEIGE10FENZHONGMIWU5FENZHONGXIAOGUOGENGJIA。YAZHANGZHI7LIMIHOUBIXUJIADATONGFENGTOUQI,SHIDANGJIANGDIPENGNEIWENDU。CIHOU,FACAISHUSHENGZHANGSHIWENZAI20℃-35℃ZHIJIAN。PENGNEIWENDUBUNENGTAIGAO,CHAOGUO35℃DUIZHIWUSHENGZHANGBULI,BUGUODUANSHIJIANCHAOGUO38℃YENENGHENHAODISHENGZHANG,DIYU10℃YENENGSHIYING。DANWENDUBUYIDIYU5℃,FOUZERONGYIFASHENGHANHAI,QINGZHEZAOCHENGLUOYE,ZHONGZHEZAOCHENGSIWANG。

SHIDUYEBUNENGTAIDA,FOUZEHUIZAOCHENGBINGJUNZISHENG,JIAOSHUIYIBAOCHIPENTUJUNYUNSHIRUNWEIYI。XIAJIFACAISHUSHENGZHANGXUNSU,XUYAOCHONGZUDESHUIFEN,YINGMEITIANJIAOSHUI1-2CI。DONGJIYANGHUBANCHENGPINBIXUBAOCHIPENTUSHIDANGGANZAO,JIAOSHUIZUODAOJIANGANJIANSHI。RUGUOJIAOSHUIGUODUOHUOSHAOYOUJISHUI,JIYIYINQIFACAISHUGENBUFULAN,DAOZHIZHIZHUSIWANG。YINCI,YAOJINGCHANGGUANCHAQIZHANGSHIQINGKUANG。 [3] 

施肥

亚洲国产亚洲综合区FACAISHUZHANGSHIQIANGJIAN,SHENGZHANGXUNSUXUYAOJIAOCHONGZUDEFEILIAO。SHANGPENZHANGYAHOUMEIZHOUPENSHI1CISANYAOSUYEFEI,RUDAN∶LIN∶JIAWEI20∶20∶20DEFUHEFEI 500-600BEIYE,LINGMEIYUEKEXIANGTURANGZHUISHI1CIYOUJIFEIHUOLINJIAFEI。SHENGZHANGWANGJIJIPIANSHIDANFEI,YIMIANTUZHANG。YINGJUNHENGSHIYONGLIN、JIAFEI,YICUSHIZHIZHUJIANZHUANG,SHIYESECUILV,ZENGQIANGGUANSHANGXIAOGUO。 [3] 

植物养护修剪造型

亚洲国产亚洲综合区PENZAIGUALIDUOBASHUGAN“BIANBIAN”ZHONGZHI。JUTIZUOFASHI:DAIBOZHONGMIAOZHANGGAOZHI2MIZUOYOUSHI,YUEZAI1.5MICHUJIEQUSHANGBU,SHIQICHENGGUANGGAN,RANHOUCONGDIXIAJUEQI,ZAIBANYINTIAOJIANXIARANGQIZIRANLIANGGAN1-2TIAN,SHISHUGANWANDEROURUANERYIYUWANQU。JIEZHEYONGSHENGZIKUNJINTONGYANGCUXIDEJIZHIZHUDEJIBU,BINGJIANGQISHUGANBIANCHENGBIANZHUANG,FANGDAOZAIDISHANG,YONGZHONGWUYAZHU,SHIQIXINGZHUANGGUDING,ZHEIYANGJIANGLAINENGZHILIXIANGSHANG。BIANHAOHOUKEJIANGZHIZHUJIXUZHONGYUDISHANG,RANGTASHENGZHANGYIDUANSHIJIAN,SHIJINGGANSHENGZHANGCUZHUANG、BIANZHUANGCHONGSHIZHENGQI;YEKEZHIJIESHANGPENZHONGZHI,RANGTASHENGZHANGZHIYE。SHICHANGSHANGXIAOSHOUDE“SANLONG”、“WULONG”,“QILONG”DENGJISHIYONG3ZHU、5ZHU、7ZHUMALABASUZHIZHUJINGDABIANCHENGBIANZHUANGHOUZHONGZHIZHONGZHIYUPENZHONG,SHIQISHENJIABEIZENG。


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